Our foot has numerous bones, five of which are long bones, also known as metatarsal bones. Injury in these bones is called metatarsal fracture. Most soccer fans are familiar with this injury because it has afflicted several popular soccer players. It is most likely that one or more long bones are broken when metatarsal bone injury occurs and may require surgery. Pain and swelling and the failure to take in shock and weight by the patient immediately follow after the injury.
The first step to relieve the pain from metatarsal injury is to allow the fractured bone to rest. The afflicted person must refrain from doing any activities that will further stress the wounded foot. Elevating the affected foot will prevent fluid accumulation, alleviate pain and the inflammation. Ice pack application will benumb the nearby nerves and muscles and reduce the inflammation. A patient can take over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen, aspirin and paracetamol to relieve the pain temporarily.
Treatment and recovery from metatarsal fracture depends on the degree of the injury and the patient. A realignment of the bones is required for displaced fractures requiring the patient to be under general anesthesia. The fractured foot is placed in a protective cast for proper bone fixation. A protective cast and boot with crutches is enough for the less serious foot fracture. Rehabilitation of the injured foot follows after the treatment, which is a very essential element in the healing process.
The Rehabilitation Process
The prolonged inactivity led the muscles to reduce in size. Physical therapy is needed to reinforce the muscles slowly and for the patient to gradually return to a dynamic lifestyle. With immediate medical attention, appropriate physical therapy and a healthy diet, complete metatarsal fracture recovery can be achieved. It may happen in a few months, but the patient will be able to get back to his normal active lifestyle.